Fighters of the Hashed al-Shaabi, also known as the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), “are Iraqis who have fought terrorism, defended their country and made sacrifices to defeat ‘Islamic State’,” Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said in a statement.
On Sunday, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called for Iranian and Iran-backed Shiite militia in Iraq to either return to their
homes, integrate into the Iraqi army or leave the country, as the fight against the “Islamic State” (IS) was ending.
“Those fighters need to go home,” Tillerson said. “Any foreign fighters need to go home.”
The 60,000-strong Hashed al-Shaabi was cobbled together from Iranian-backed militias in 2014 after IS took over large parts of northern Iraq. It is answerable to the prime minister’s office, and parliament has voted to integrate it into state forces.
“The Hashed is an institution that depends on the Iraqi state and the constitution does not allow the presence of armed groups outside the law,” Abadi said. The cabinet added that “nobody has the right to interfere in Iraqi affairs.”
Critics allege that visits by Iran’s Major General Qassem Soleimani, a commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards who advises the PMF, reflect Tehran’s influence in the country.
Iraq has close links with Shiite-majority Iran, which is the regional rival of Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia.
Critics argue that pro-Baghdad Shiite-dominated PMF are supported by Iran, with Tehran seen as using them to expand its influence in Iraq.
Tillerson urges dialogue over Kirkuk
Meeting in Baghdad, Tillerson and Abadi discussed “government measures taken to restore the authority of the federal government in Kirkuk,” said Abadi’s spokesman Haydar Hamada.
Central government forces won back control of the oil-rich province from Kurdish forces last week after a controversial Kurdish independence vote.
“We are concerned and a bit saddened by the recent differences that have emerged between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Iraqi central government,” Tillerson said.
“We have friends both in Baghdad and we have friends in Erbil and we encourage both parties to enter into discussion and dialogue.”
jbh/cmk (AFP, dpa)